Do Dualsun panels have anti-reflective glass and what is their luminance?


It is important to distinguish two types of photovoltaic panels:

  • “Standard” panels 

  • Low luminance panels


“Standard” panels

All panels in the FLASH range are made up of an anti-reflective glass on the front, composed of a thin porous layer of silicon dioxide of ARC (anti-reflective coating) type deposited on the surface of the glass, making it possible to increase transmission of the glass to around 95% at normal incidence (compared to around 91-92% for untreated glass). 

This type of glass became popular in the early 2010s and is now a standard component in our industry. It is important to note that the commonly used term “anti-reflective” could suggest that this type of glass is completely transparent, when in reality a certain proportion of incident light remains reflected by the surface of the glass.

Thus a reflectance test valid for all standard panels in the FLASH range determined that approximately 4% of light at normal incidence is reflected by the front glass over the 380-1100 nm range (evaluated value: 3.95% ). Furthermore, approximately 1% of the light is absorbed by the glass, the rest of the light is transmitted towards the cells.


Low luminance panels 

In order to further improve the optical properties of the front glass, there is an alternative solution to the anti-reflective glass, called anti-glare glass. This glass is textured s so that the light reflected on the surface of the panels is more diffuse, reducing the risk of glare compared to a standard panel. 

The regulated luminance for this type of module is less than 10,000 cd/m², i.e. below the threshold of 20,000 cd/m² which was imposed by the DGAC (General Directorate of Civil Aviation) for installers of solar panels in the vicinity of airports until 2022. A certificate of low luminance of the so-called “anti-glare” glasses which will be used on this type of panel can be downloaded here (only available in french)

 Reflect on a standard panel                         

Reflect on an anti glare panel


For projects in airport areas 

(This is about french regulation, for other countries please refer to local regulations and laws)

The luminance threshold no longer seems to be imposed by the DGAC.

Indeed, the TECHNICAL INFORMATION NOTE of 10/11/2022 (French language) issued by the DGAC and the ministry seems subject to interpretations, which does not favor the serene realization of projects in airport areas.

Before starting the costing of this type of panel, Dualsun request a case by case study, including:

  • A reverberation study* validated by the DGAC confirming the need for a low luminance module,

  • A project greater than 400 kWp or a portfolio of potential projects for this volume because the minimum order is a container, meaning 936 modules FLASH 410 Half-Cut White - Faible Luminance FLASH 425 Half-Cut Glass-Glass TOPCon anti-glare or FLASH 450 Half-Cut Glass-Glass TOPCon anti-glare, or 864 modules FLASH 500 Half-Cut Glass-Glass TOPCon anti-glare

  • A written confirmation from the local DGAC certifying that the Low luminance glass certificate - 20,000 cd/m² from Dualsun is accepted as the technical reference for the future module.

If these three elements are validated, Dualsun can organize a specific production of modules with “low luminance” option, the additional cost of which must be validated individually for each project. Furthermore, the 3 types of panels mentioned above are low-carbon with a Simplified Carbon Assessment (ECS) result of less than 550 kg CO2 Eq/kWp.

In the event that the reverberation study concludes that a low luminance module is not necessary, any panel from the FLASH range may be suitable for this project.

For countries other than France, a specific study of the regulation must be done to be in accordance with the local laws.

According to what standard are luminance tests of solar panels carried out?

There is no specific standard for testing the luminance of solar panels.

The best-known standard on this subject, but which does not directly mention the determination of luminance, is ISO 9050-2003
"Determination of light transmission, direct solar transmission, total solar energy transmission, transmission of ultraviolet and factors derived from glazing ".

The low luminance glasses that Dualsun offers have been tested in-house by our glass supplier. These tests show that the luminance of treated glass is limited to 15-20% of that of a panel with standard glass.

> To go further: What is a bifacial module? What performance gains does it allow?